The surroundings and the ecological conditions are very much responsible for the state of health of a person. In Tibb much emphasis is made on the causes for the prevention of health as (asbab sittah Zaruriyah ) are taken into consideration . They are atmospheric air, food and drinks, physical or bodily movement or response, mental or psychic movement or response, sleep and wake fullness and excretion and retention. In unani all the disease are treated on four therapiesIn Unani, the most important aspect for the diagnosis of diseases are three in number, and they are Nabz (pluse), examination of baul (urine) and Baraz (stool).
This therapy includes venesection (Fasad); cupping (Hajamat); exercise (Riyazat); steam bath (Hammam); leeching (Taleeque) Diathermy (Amal-e-kai)
:In this therapy patient is treated with specific diets as diet itself plays an important role in human's life. At a time it acts as a drug and the very same diet can become harmful to the same person. In this therapy specific diets are administered or some alteration is done in the quality and quantity of the patient's diet.
This therapy aims at treating the diseases with drugs of natural origin like herbs, animal origin and mineral origin. Mostly they are used as single drugs but in case of chronic disorders or various complex diseases compound formulation are also used.
The practice of jarahat in Unani is as old as human existence. The special techniques and instruments are applied in this field